σε δοκιμαστική λειτουργία

Κατηγορία: Προπτυχιακά
Εξάμηνο: ΣΤ-Η
Τομέας: Τομέας Γενικής Κοινωνιολογίας
Κατηγορία: Μάθημα
Χαρ.: Υπ.
Διδακτικές Μονάδες:
Διδάσκων: Κωνσταντοπούλου Χριστιάνα

 


Prof. Christiana (Chryssoula) Constantopoulou
 
Sociology of Communication
 
Department of Sociology
 
Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences
 
Office: D6 DESKOI  
 
E-mail: christiana.constantopoulou @panteion.gr

Course Programme
Undergraduate

 
 
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY  622  
   
The course is a brief introduction to the “object” of Social Anthropology; its history, themes, methods and schools. Apart the general overview of “classical” anthropological themes (such as kinship, economy, politics, myths and symbols) and of researches of great anthropologists on   “traditional societies” (F. Boas, E. Evans-Pritchard, J. Frazer, Cl. Lévi-Strauss, Br. Malinowski, M. Mauss etc.), the course intends to show how Sociology and Anthropology are very close indeed (as they were born at the same time, inspired by the same concern: to study human societies; but separating them –according to 19th century beliefs- to “western” and “traditional”, separation which created two different “disciplines”).
 Anthropology having experienced special methodologies (participative observation for instance) has enriched the sociological approach of humanity (the sense of “otherness”, the omnipresence of rituals and myths, the importance of symbols in any society, western or “traditional”).

Indicative Bibliography
 
Balandier G. Anthropologie Politique PUF Paris 1969 
Balandier Georges, Le pouvoir sur scènes, Fayard, Paris 2006 
Bouvier P. La socio-anthropologie, A. Colin, Paris 2000.
Clifford James, Marcus George, Writing Culture, University of California Press, 1986.
Constantopoulou C. Le prochain et le lointain: pour une anthropologie de la communication contemporaine in R. Bastide L’Harmattan, Paris 1996
Copans Jean et al. L’Anthropologie : Science des Sociétés Primitives?    Denoël (Le point de la question), Paris 1971.
Evans-Pritchard Ε.Ε., Fortes Μ.  African Political Systems, Oxford University Press, 1940.
Godelier Maurice,  L’anthropologie économique, στο Copans & Tornay (1971).
Leclerc Gérard,  Anthropologie et colonialisme, Fayard, Paris 1972.
Lévi-Strauss Claude, « Introduction à l’œuvre de Marcel Mauss, Presses Universitaires de France, coll. « Quadrige »,  Paris 1950.
Lévi-Strauss Claude, Anthropologie Structurale, Plon, Paris 1958. 
« » , La pensée sauvage, Paris 1962 
«»      L’origine des manières de table, Plon, Paris 1968. 
Mead Margaret, And Keep your Powder Dry: An Anthropologist Looks at America, Morrow, N.Y. 1942.
Mercier Paul,  Histoire de l’Anthropologie, PUF, Paris 1966.
Mauss M.  Essai sur le don. Forme et raison de l\'échange dans les sociétés archaïques, paru en 1923-1924 dans l\'Année Sociologique/ The Gift
Thomas Louis-Vincent, Sociologie et Ethnologie ou réflexions sur un faux problème in Bulletin de l’Institut  Fondamental de l’Afrique Noire, t. XXXV série B no 4, 1973 (σελίδες 854-880).
Thomas Louis-Vincent,   Et le lièvre vint, récits populaires diola,  Les nouvelles éditions africaines, Dakar 1982.
 
REPRESENTATIONS AND SYMBOLISMS OF EVERYDAY LIFE -THE MEDIA  162
 
 
   
This course deals with the construction of reality by the Media (especially by Television analyzed as a virtual “coffee shop”)
The contemporary information (the “Agenda” of the news, the imaginary –mythic- construction of the “world” by the media, the violence of “breaking news” etc.)
The non “informative” emissions (such as shows and serials) as an escape from a boring “everyday life”; examples deal most in detail 1) with TV magazines as representation of nowadays everyday life (for instance fashion, cooking, gym, life of stars, modern philosophy and future telling) reproducing stereotypes of identities and roles; 2) with reality shows expressing some basic (archetypical) functions analyzed by a sociological and psychoanalytical approach.
 
Indicative bibliography
Αlberoni  F. Vie publique et vie privée Ramsay (Pocket) Paris 2000
Aubenas Fl. Benasayag M. La fabrication de l’information, La Découverte Paris 1999
Auriacombe  E. Harry Potter, l’enfant-héros PUF Paris 2005
Balle F.  Médias et sociétés (6e ed.) Montchrestien Paris 1992
Brune F. Sous le soleil de Big Brother L’Harmattan Paris 1998
Cauvin P. & Cailloux G. Le soi aux mille visages Les Editions de l’homme Paris 2001
Constantopoulou Chr. Conflits et confiance dans les médias grecs in A. Krasteva, A. Todorov «Conflits, confiance et démocratie» Nouvelle Université Bulgare Sofia 2004
Dahlgren P. What’s the meaning of this? Viewers’ plural sense-making of TV news in «Media, Culture and Society», 10, 285-301, 1988
Eco U. Faith in Fakes/ Travels in Hyper-reality, English translations in 1986 & 1995 (of the original - in Italian- “Il costume di casa”
Eco U. Comment voyager avec un saumon Livre de Poche, Grasset Paris  1997/ How to Travel with a Salmon & Other Essays (1998 - Partial English translation of Il secondo diario minimo, 1994)
Eco U. Turning Back the Clock: Hot Wars and Media Populism, Alastair McEwen, 2007.
Guillebaud J.-Cl., Les médias contre la démocratie in D. Bougnoux «Sciences de l’Information et de la Communication» p. 723-734 Larousse Paris 1993
Schramm W. The nature of news in A. Casty (ed) «Mass Media and Mass Man» N.Y. Holt Rinehart &Winston, 1968
Sfez L. (dir.) Dictionnaire Critique de la Communication PUF Paris 1993                      
Thomas L.V. Civilisation et divagations Payot  Paris 1979                                                  
Thomas L.V. Fantasmes au quotidien Méridiens Paris 1984                                              
Thomas L.V. Anthropologie des obsessions L’Harmattan, Paris 1988                                
Thoveron G. La télévision dont vous êtes le héros  Le Grand Miroir Paris 2004
Tisseron B. & S. L’intimité surexposée Ramsay, Paris 2001                                                  
Tsaliki L.  The Media and the Construction of an “Imagined Community”: th
SOCIOLOGY OF COMMUNICATION (COMMUNICATION IN EVERYDAY LIFE)   158  
   
The contemporary everyday life is characterized by the generalized presence of Media (Mass Media as well as “New” Media); nevertheless, social elements which are given as “characteristic points” of the “traditional societies”, continue to define the contemporary dynamics and to support the ways of reception of different cultural messages. 
 The dominant “literature”, which explains the contemporary everyday life traits,  recognizes a central place to the relation between technology and society, underestimating some  elements such as the  importance of “irrationality” (linked with sentiments, fear, passion or death); all this,  still constitutes the communicational frame of nowadays which is based on  the creation of consumers (of goods and services including leisure and entertainment) and on the central place occupied by “commercials” and commercial centers (malls) as  a kind of  “heart” of the contemporary sociality (together with the transfer of social links –such as solidarity- to the “virtual” level). 
Special interest is given on semiotics of the contemporary “communication frames” as well as on the everyday life narrated by films, commercials, television and internet.   
 
Indicative Bibliography
 
Adorno T.W., Horkheimer M., Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments ed. G. S. Noerr, , Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002. (1947).
Argyle M. The Psychology of Interpersonal Behavior Penguin, London 1990.
 Ariès P. Les fils du MacDo. La macdonalisation du monde, L’Harmattan, Paris 1997  
Bachelard G. The new Scientific Spirit, Beacon Press 1934
Bateson, G.  Naven: A Survey of the Problems suggested by a Composite Picture of the Culture of a New Guinea Tribe drawn from Three Points of View (1936). Stanford University Press, 1958.       
Baudrillard J. Simulacra and Simulation, The University of Michigan Press, 1981
Bourdieu P. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste (first published in English translation in 1984)  
Caplow Th. “An introduction to sample selection bias in sociological data", American Sociological Review 48(3), June 1983: 386-398.  
Crozier M.  The Bureaucratic Phenomenon Transaction Publishers, 2009  
Debord G. Society of the spectacle (translation in English, Detroit 1970
De Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life, trans. Steven Rendall, University of California Press, Berkeley 1984
Duvignaud J. The sociology of art, translated from the French by Timothy Wilson, Paladin 1972
Foucault M. Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason Vintage Books Edition, N.Y. 1988
Goffman E., The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, 1959
“”             Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience Northeastern University Press (first published 1974), 1986
Hermans L. & Van  Snippenburg L. “Women’s use of TV news”  in Renckstorf, K. Mac Quail D. & Jankowski N. Media in Use as Social Action, J. Libbey & Company Ltd, London 1996
Katz E.,  Lazarsfeld P.F. Personal Influence, Glencoe Free Press 1955
Katz E., Liebes T., “Decoding Dallas Overseas”, Media Values Summer 1985
Mc Combs & Shaw “The Agenda Setting Function of Mass Media”, in Public Opinion Quarterly, no 36, 1972, p. 176-187
Mac Corduck P., Machines who Think, San Francisco 1985
Maffesoli M. Contemplation of the World: Figures of Community Style, Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1996.
Morin E.  The Cinema, or the Imaginary Man, University of Minnesota Press, 2005
Neisser Ul., Martins D. “The imitation of man by machine” Science 139, 1963, p. 193-197.
Neisser U. Cognitive Psychology, Appleton, N.Y., 1967
Nilsson J.J. Principles of Artificial Intelligence, Springer Verlag Heidelberg, 1980.
O’Hara K., Shadbolt N. The Spy in the Coffee Machine (the end of privacy as we know it), Oneworld, Oxford, 2008.
Park R.  “The City: Suggestion for the Investigation of Human Behavior in the City Environment” in American Journal of Sociology, 20:5,  1915
“” The Immigrant Press and its Control Harper New York 1922
“” “Human Migration and the Marginal Man” in American Journal of Sociology, vol. 33, 1928 
“” “Human Ecology” in American Journal of Sociology XXLII Jul. 1936
Park R. E. & Burgess E. Introduction to the Science of Sociology University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1921
Ruesch J., Bateson G., Communication, the social matrix of psychiatry, Norton N.Y 1951
Schutz A. The Phenomenology of the Social World. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press 1970.
Toffler A. The Third Wave, William Morrow and Company Inc., N.Y. 1980
Turkle Sh., The Second Self: Computers and Human Spirit, Simon & Schuster, N.Y. 1984
Watzlawick P. An Anthology of human communication, Palo Alto Science & Behavior Books 1964
 
 INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF THE CONTEMPORARY IMAGINARY   171  
   
This course intends to clarify the meaning of the “imaginary”, with special references to fantasies which construct our subconscious and support some everyday behaviors. Although their way of expression changes into time and space (they are expressed by the myths of yesterday or by science fiction of nowadays), they remain essential   symbolic elements helping us to understand and to face and handle the human reality –even its’  irrational aspects).
Helped by some well known cinematographic productions, we analyze primordial themes neglected by Sociology such as: the research of super power, the “woman” as a symbol of “otherness”, the fear of lack of social control on technology, the “disaster impulsions”, the communication with the “difference” (monsters, animals, robots etc.):  trying to approach the “dark side” of social life.
 
Indicative Bibliography
 
Bettelheim Br. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales, Penguin Books 1978
Castoriadis C. The imaginary institution of society, The MIT Press, Massachusetts 1987
Durand G.  The anthropological structures of the imaginary Boombana Publications, 1999
Durkheim E. The elementary forms of religious life, Oxford Univ. Press 2001
Eliade M. Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism, Princeton University Press, 1991
Jung K. The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious, Princeton Univ. Press, 1969
Mannheim K. Ideology and Utopia, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1936
Metz Chr. Psychoanalysis and Cinema: The Imaginary Signifier, Macmillan 1982
Philippe Julien Jacques Lacan\'s Return to Freud: The Real, the Symbolic, and the Imaginary, N.Y. Univ. Press 1994
Stets J. Turner J. (Ed.) Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions, Springer California 2007
 

 

 

 
 

 

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